Otoplasty (Ear surgery)
Otoplasty, or ear modeling, is a surgical procedure which aims to transform the appearance of the external ear. The angle between the external ear and the side part of the head should beless than 25 degrees and the distance between the head and the ear should be less than 2 cm. If these approximate values are exceeded, the ears appear larger. The most common complaints are represented by prominent ears, hanging small ears, underdeveloped or absent ears, or various cartilage deformities. The shape changes are more obvious when only one ear is affected.
Should I consider having an otoplasty?
- My ears are prominent.
- My ears are too big for my face.
- One of my ears is bigger than the other.
- One or both ears have an unusual form.
During the examination you will have the opportunity to explain to your doctor the change you wish to obtain with surgery. Together you will set specific and realistic goals. Children must be prepared in advance for this surgery. The parents will discuss with the doctor the child’s medical history and they will help at the physical examination. Specific recommendations regarding smoking, medications and diet will be provided.
There are numerous effects that can damage the ear, and surgery is based on the deformations which are intended to be solved. To obtain the desired aspect, some parts of the ear can be moved, transformed, filled or removed.
The most frequent intervention is made with the goal to correct big, bulky, prominent ears. Usually this procedure is done under local anesthesia with sedation. In some cases, general anesthesia is preferred, and the surgery takes around 1-2 hours. During the examination you will be told if you can go home a few hours after the surgery or if it is indicated to stay overnight in the clinic.
The incision is made behind the ears. The cartilage, the tissue that supports the ear, is reshaped and strengthened with permanent sutures so a more pleasant form is created. Excess skin and cartilage will be removed. Post-operative scars will be hidden in the natural folds of the skin. For reshaping or correcting a few distortions, one incision on the external surface of the ear may be necessary. The goal of the plastic surgeon is to hide any trace of the surgery so as to obtain a healthy and harmonious image of the ear.
After the surgery, a compression bandage is applied on the ear for its protection. The first few days after the surgery, the head should be maintained in an elevated position.
More details about the intervention and postoperative recommendation will be given at the first consultation.